Most people who play paintball never have a passing thought on most of the materials they use. As more and more people are attracted to the game, their focus is firmly on shooting their opponents and avoiding being shot themselves. Paintballing is becoming a more and more popular pursuit for adults and children. It allows them to break the monotony of everyday life and do something a little bit different.
Regardless of whether your playing with the best paintball gun on the market, or the best paintball gun under $300, they are combining the thrill of being outdoors while taking part in a competitive activity. This is why we thought you might be interested in learning a little more about the history of the game, and the material needed to play it.
Our List of The Best Paintballs
A Brief History of the Game of Paintball…
Charles Nelson and his brother Evan have been credited with inventing the game in the 1930s. The brothers ran a paint company and decided to create this activity as part of their marketing campaign. Later on, the brothers invented a system of paintballing to help forestry engineers map different trees. They also marketed paintballs as a way for cattle ranchers to more easily mark their stock. This proved very popular as it helped owners to easily mark and distinguish animals from others while keeping count of them.
The system remained in place until Charles Gaines decided to invent the game of paintball in 1981. Working with a New York stockbroker named Hayes Noel and a Ski Shop owner called Rob Rumsey, the game was developed following an intensive discussion they had over the merits of shooting paint from an air gun.
They intended to invent a game that replicated the experience of both tactical and combat training. The set of paintball begins to increase in popularity in the late 1980s. It has remained a popular fun and sporting activity today.
What is a Paintball?
Paintball is a relatively simple sport. It involves either two opposing teams or players trying to shoot each other miniature balls that contain either die or paint. Specially designed airguns are used to shoot pebble-sized shots. The marker is designed to utilize carbon dioxide cartridges these developed force needed to propel the pellets from the marker towards a chosen target.
The pellets are designed to stay intact upon firing, and while moving through the air towards an object are a player. These will burst on impact, releasing the color inside. These pellets are usually round in shape and come in many different colors. The pellets are comprised of their fillings as well as a destructible outer shell.
What Are the Best Paintballs Made Of?
The development of these paintballs is the result of a combination of both engineering and chemical processes. High-end the end of engineering is needed to manufacture a gun that can propel a paintball marker towards its targets using enough force yet without causing the palace to rupture.
If you’re anything like us, we must be curious to know what is paintballs are made of. To do this, you need to understand the science and engineering behind the manufacturer of the paintballs themselves.
What are the paintball fillings made from?
The vast majority of paintballs today are filled with either die or. Originally the gospel was made from oil-based paint, but this proved quite challenging to remove from clothes and was very messy. It was undoubtedly not biodegradable are environmentally friendly.
Has paintballing became increasingly popular, manufacturers had to find compounds that were both biodegradables on water-soluble. If we’re sincere, we couldn’t even call the game paintballing anymore as capsules do not contain any paint most common ingredients include ethylene glycol, calcium, mineral oil, food coloring, and iodine. The result is that the balls are lighter and if they travel further and faster than ever before. They also save us from any angry stares from the more environmentally conscious people.
Can You Use Oil-based Paintball Fillings?
It is possible to use an oil-based paint as a footing for paintballs BUT it’s not recommended as its:
- Tough to wash off clothes
- Corrosive on equipment
- Bad for the environment (see below)
As you can probably appreciate, the outer shell of a paintball marker needs to be strong as it is propelled from the gun at an extremely high porosity reaching up to 200 miles per hour. Without the paintball breaking, but importantly bursting open when it hits a target, this all has to be achieved without causing any tissue damage to the person being hit by a paintball.
How do you display the game will know that an impact from the paintball is going to sting. This is the result of the deformation of the paintball, which is designed to impact using reduced force. A particular technology call encapsulation has being developed to achieve this. The process by which the liquids, or in this case the dye, is held within a gelatin shell.
The pharmaceutical industry first developed the science of encapsulation as they needed to find a way to enclose both solids and liquids in a thin and transparent enclosure. To begin to use a gelatin membrane as it has increased elasticity. The gelatin the industry used was derived from the fibers of denatured collagen, which they collected from bones, skin, and connective tissue.
Paintballing manufacturers chose to use gelatin derived from pig skin; they also incorporated some plasticizer into this gelatin, which added to the stability of the paintballs. This made a lot more moldable. Intensive testing was used to find the perfect balance between the elasticity of the outer shell and its overall brittleness. To create the ideal paintball, you need to achieve the ideal ratio between plasticizer in gelatin, which allows the paintball to break open upon impact easily.
During the encapsulation process, the machine was the first snake to temples on two separate elephant strips. Each of these dimples with form half of one paintball. The machine then fills each dimple with the dye and other ingredients. The tempting process will continue until it forms a solid pimple. The gelatin is preheated, meaning that it will quickly mold into a ball, leaving very little gelatin to build on the rim of the ball. The resultant balls are not perfectly spherical; however, the next part of the process involves using a tumbling drum, which bounces them around continuously until they result in perfect spheres.
The heated gelatin under perfect conditions produces these perfect spheres. The final part of the process is to let the balls dry simply, This drying time is a closely guarded trade secret, as well as the time that they spent in the tumbling drum,
Water Solubility and Filling of Paintballs
Gelatin is in naturally you water-soluble substance, so if the pellets are immersed in water and they will dissolve to form a colonial gel.
The original paintballs were not designed to be soluble in water, but to make them more environmentally friendly, this is changed. These are designed using PEG or polyethylene glycol. PEG is tasteless, viscous, colorless, and virtually odorless. Its key feature is that it’s fully dissolvable in water and that it doesn’t affect the integrity of the gelatin shell in any way.
This is all a manufacturer’s Warren that paintball should not come into contact with water in any way shape or form water can easily travel to the permeable jealous and membrane where the water has formed a bond with the PEG.
This will cause the gelatin inside the paintball to swell, and as the size of the paintballs increases, they will eventually burst and be completely unusable. The Dyes that are now used in paintballs I also water-soluble, the addition of PG has given these guys to solubility and polarity that they need
The other ingredients included in paintballs are regarded as proprietary in the industry. But what we do know is that the ingredients are water-soluble. We do know that they include a combination of mineral oils, iodine, EEG, food coloring, and calcium manufacturers assures that these guys are entirely soluble in water, are non-toxic, and environmentally friendly.
How to Choose The Best Paintballs
Here are the key considerations when hunting for the best paintball:
You should always choose a paintball that moves quickly and flies in a straight pattern; it should also retain its effectiveness over time.
The best paintballs are both durable and reliable; they maintain their shape and effectiveness over time. Do not harm your air gun as are target person; they will only burst without causing any risk of injury, and the resultant mess will not remain permanently on other things or clothes.
Hygiene and Safety:
Never buy it a paintball product without first knowing that it is completely safe for adults, pets, and kids. Ensure that the materials are fully water-soluble and do not contain any toxic ingredients such as mercury, BPA, lead, or petroleum.
Safe for the environment
The vast majority of paintballs sold today are made from biodegradable compounds; these materials are designed to degrade over time and not make any impact on the environment.
You should also purchase your materials from a reputable brand.
We hope that’s our brief history of the paintball has proven exciting and that you can now take this knowledge and use it to improve your game.